Sheraton Parco de' Medici Rome Hotel
Via Salvatore Rebecchini, 145, 00148 Roma RM, Italy
Rome,the capital city of Italy is located in the Lazio region in Italy, Europe, on apeninsula extending from southern Europe into the Mediterranean Sea, borderingFrance to the northwest, Switzerland and Austria to the north, Slovenia to thenortheast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Rome has the status of aglobal city. Rome ranked as the 14th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd mostvisited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in ItalyIts historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Monuments andmuseums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world’smost visited tourist destinations with both locations receiving millions oftourists a year. Rome hosted the 1960 Summer Olympics and is the seat of UnitedNations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Rome’s history spans morethan two and a half thousand years. While Roman mythology dates the founding ofRome at only around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, makingit one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. The city’s earlypopulation originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans and Sabines. Eventually,the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the RomanRepublic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces ofWestern civilisation and by some as the first ever metropolis. It was firstcalled The Eternal City by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, andthe expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy Rome is also calledthe “Caput Mundi” (Capital of the World). In this twenty-year period, Romebecame one of the greatest centres of art in the world. The old St. Peter’sBasilica built by Emperor Constantine the Great was demolished and a new onebegun. The city hosted artists like Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Botticelli andBramante, who built the temple of San Pietro in Montorio and planned a greatproject to renovate the Vatican. Michelangelo started the decoration of theceiling of the Sistine Chapel and executed the famous statue of the Moses forthe tomb of Julius II. Rome lost in part its religious character, becomingincreasingly a true Renaissance city.